The officers, who wore full riot gear, were seen marching towards hundreds of England fans who ran away down the street.
James Talbot, 47, from Swindon said: “It’s a disgrace. I feel ashamed to be English.”
After the trouble subsided shell-shocked bar staff cleared the harbour front of dozens of broken bottles.”
The clashes come after a night of violence in the city in southern France, and just hours before the first game between the hosts and Romania in Paris.
One England supporter suffered a head injury in Thursday night's brawl after being hit across the face with a wooden chair, and according to reports, some England fans were heard chanting: "Isis, where are you?"
Bare-chested England fans dodged the gas deployed by police as an afternoon of drinking and singing turned ugly.
Police with helmets, batons and shields grappled troublemakers to the ground amid beer bottles and rubbish strewn across the cobbled streets.
Supporters are in Marseille ahead of England's game with Russia on Saturday.
National Police Chiefs' Council lead for football policing, Assistant Chief Constable Mark Roberts said: "England supporters had been in Marseilles yesterday without issue.
"At around midnight, there was a short confrontation where a group of approximately 70 local youths approached a pub where England fans had congregated.
"This was quickly dealt with by French police and one English supporter was arrested. We are aware of no further incidents overnight.
"English police officers continue to work closely with their French colleagues in Marseilles and will identify supporters who misbehave with a view to seek banning orders on their return to the UK."