Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Revealed... the 116 things that cause CANCER - according to world health experts


  • The warning saw it added to the list of items classified as carcinogenic to humans
  • WHO revealed processed meat is as big a cancer threat as cigarettes
  • Experts classed bacon, salami and smoked ham as being carcinogenic 
  • Here we reveal the 115 things also in the same category - group one, those which are deemed to cause cancer 
  • Includes smoking, sunbeds, arsenic and asbestos as well as hepatitis B and C, HIV the Epstein-Barr virus and working as a painter 

  • Bacon, burgers and sausages were this week deemed to be as big a cancer threat as cigarettes, according to global health chiefs.
    The warning saw processed meat added to the list of items classified as carcingogenic to humans by the World Health Organisation. 
    It means dietary favourites, including salami, chorizo and smoked ham, rank alongside arsenic and asbestos, when it comes to the potential cancer risk.  
    Officials said just 50g of processed meat a day – less than one sausage – increases the risk of bowel cancer by almost a fifth.


    The World Health Organisation this week warned that processed meats, including bacon and salami, are deemed as big a cancer threat as cigarettes
    The World Health Organisation this week warned that processed meats, including bacon and salami, are deemed as big a cancer threat as cigarettes. The warning saw it added to the list of items classified as carcin

    Twenty-two experts at the WHO's International Agency for Research on Cancer, from 10 countries, took the decision after reviewing more than 800 studies that investigated the links between red meat and processed meat and various different types of cancer.
    Processed meat was classified as carcinogenic, based on sufficient evidence in humans that consumption causes specifically colorectal or bowel cancer, they concluded. 
    The classification of red meat as 'probably carcinogenic to humans' was observed mainly in relation to colorectal cancer, but links were also seen for pancreatic and prostate cancer. 
    The WHO panel of experts found links between processed meat and red meat and bowel cancer
    The WHO panel of experts found links between processed meat and red meat and bowel cancer
    The experts concluded that each 50 gram portion of processed meat eaten daily increases the risk of colorectal cancer by 18%. 
    'For an individual, the risk of developing colorectal cancer because of their consumption of processed meat remains small, but this risk increases with the amount of meat consumed,' said Dr Kurt Straif, head of the IARC Monographs Programme. 
    'In view of the large number of people who consume processed meat, the global impact on cancer incidence is of public health importance.' 
    Dr Christopher Wild, director of IARC added: 'These findings further support current public health recommendations to limit intake of meat. 
    'At the same time, red meat has nutritional value. 
    'Therefore, these results are important in enabling governments and international regulatory agencies to conduct risk assessments, in order to balance the risks and benefits of eating red meat and processed meat and to provide the best possible dietary recommendations.'
    But, in light of the news, which has attracted widespread reaction, the IARC has revealed it's list of 116 things that can cause cancer.
    The list features the known obvious culprits, tobacco smoke, secondhand smoke, alcohol, asbestos and arsenic, to name a few.
    But, there are also a number of everyday activities and items that feature that are almost impossible to avoid, including the air we breathe.
    And the list also features various health conditions, such as hepatitis B and C as well as HIV.
    Here, we reveal all those things, which are classified alongside processed meat in the IARC's group one, carcinogenic to humans category - those that definitely cause cancer.
    1. Tobacco smoking
    2. Sunlamps and sunbeds
    3. Aluminium production
    4. Arsenic in drinking water
    Here, we reveal the 116 things on the WHO's International Agency for Cancer Research's list that are carcinogenic to humans, and will cause cancer, among them is alcoholic beverages
    Here, we reveal the 116 things on the WHO's International Agency for Cancer Research's list that are carcinogenic to humans, and will cause cancer, among them is alcoholic beverages
    5. Auramine production
    6. Boot and shoe manufacture and repair
    7. Chimney sweeping
    8. Coal gasification
    9. Coal tar distillation
    10. Coke (fuel) production
    11. Furniture and cabinet making
    Smoking tobacco is one of the most well-known causes of cancer, but inhaling secondhand smoke is also on the list
    Smoking tobacco is one of the most well-known causes of cancer, but inhaling secondhand smoke is also on the list
    12. Haematite mining (underground) with exposure to radon
    13. Secondhand smoke
    14. Iron and steel founding
    15. Isopropanol manufacture (strong-acid process)
    16. Magenta dye manufacturing
    17. Occupational exposure as a painter
    18. Paving and roofing with coal-tar pitch
    19. Rubber industry
    20. Occupational exposure of strong inorganic acid mists containing sulphuric acid
    21. Naturally occurring mixtures of aflatoxins (produced by funghi)
    22. Alcoholic beverages
    23. Areca nut - often chewed with betel leaf
    24. Betel quid without tobacco
    25. Betel quid with tobacco
    26. Coal tar pitches
    27. Coal tars
    28. Indoor emissions from household combustion of coal
    Occupational exposure as a painter is among the list of group one things which are known to cause cancer
    Occupational exposure as a painter is among the list of group one things which are known to cause cancer
    29. Diesel exhaust
    30. Mineral oils, untreated and mildly treated
    31. Phenacetin, a pain and fever reducing drug
    32. Plants containing aristolochic acid (used in Chinese herbal medicine)
    33. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) - widely used in electrical equipment in the past, banned in many countries in the 1970s
    34. Chinese-style salted fish
    35. Shale oils
    36. Soots
    37. Smokeless tobacco products
    38. Wood dust
    39. Processed meat
    40. Acetaldehyde
    41. 4-Aminobiphenyl
    42. Aristolochic acids and plants containing them
    A host of studies have linked air pollution, like that pictured forming a haze over Los Angeles, to cancer
    A host of studies have linked air pollution, like that pictured forming a haze over Los Angeles, to cancer
    43. Asbestos
    44. Arsenic and arsenic compounds
    45. Azathioprine
    46. Benzene
    47. Benzidine
    48. Benzo[a]pyrene
    49. Beryllium and beryllium compounds
    50. Chlornapazine (N,N-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-2-naphthylamine)
    51. Bis(chloromethyl)ether
    52. Chloromethyl methyl ether
    53. 1,3-Butadiene
    54. 1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate (Busulphan, Myleran)
    55. Cadmium and cadmium compounds
    56. Chlorambucil
    57. Methyl-CCNU (1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-(4-methylcyclohexyl)-1-nitrosourea; Semustine)
    Using sunbeds has long been known to trigger skin cancer, as well as the risk from the sun's UV rays
    Using sunbeds has long been known to trigger skin cancer, as well as the risk from the sun's UV rays
    58. Chromium(VI) compounds
    59. Ciclosporin
    60. Contraceptives, hormonal, combined forms (those containing both oestrogen and a progestogen)
    61. Contraceptives, oral, sequential forms of hormonal contraception (a period of oestrogen-only followed by a period of both oestrogen and a progestogen)
    62. Cyclophosphamide
    63. Diethylstilboestrol
    64. Dyes metabolized to benzidine
    65. Epstein-Barr virus
    66. Oestrogens, nonsteroidal
    67. Oestrogens, steroidal
    68. Oestrogen therapy, postmenopausal
    69. Ethanol in alcoholic beverages
    70. Erionite
    71. Ethylene oxide
    72. Etoposide alone and in combination with cisplatin and bleomycin
    73. Formaldehyde
    Contraceptives that contain both hormones oestrogen and progesterone increase a woman's risk of cancer
    Contraceptives that contain both hormones oestrogen and progesterone increase a woman's risk of cancer
    74. Gallium arsenide
    75. Helicobacter pylori (infection with)
    76. Hepatitis B virus (chronic infection with)
    77. Hepatitis C virus (chronic infection with)
    78. Herbal remedies containing plant species of the genus Aristolochia
    79. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (infection with)
    80. Human papillomavirus type 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59 and 66
    81. Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-I
    82. Melphalan
    83. Methoxsalen (8-Methoxypsoralen) plus ultraviolet A-radiation
    84. 4,4'-methylene-bis(2-chloroaniline) (MOCA)
    85. MOPP and other combined chemotherapy including alkylating agents
    86. Mustard gas (sulphur mustard)
    87. 2-Naphthylamine
    88. Neutron radiation
    89. Nickel compounds
    People infected with the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 are at increased risk of cancer
    People infected with the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 are at increased risk of cancer
    90. 4-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)
    91. N-Nitrosonornicotine (NNN)
    92. Opisthorchis viverrini (infection with)
    93. Outdoor air pollution
    94. Particulate matter in outdoor air pollution
    95. Phosphorus-32, as phosphate
    96. Plutonium-239 and its decay products (may contain plutonium-240 and other isotopes), as aerosols
    97. Radioiodines, short-lived isotopes, including iodine-131, from atomic reactor accidents and nuclear weapons detonation (exposure during childhood)
    98. Radionuclides, α-particle-emitting, internally deposited
    99. Radionuclides, β-particle-emitting, internally deposited
    100. Radium-224 and its decay products
    101. Radium-226 and its decay products
    102. Radium-228 and its decay products
    103. Radon-222 and its decay products
    104. Schistosoma haematobium (infection with)
    In March 1964, The Lancet published a piece of research from three scientists called Anthony Epstein, Yvonne Barr and Burt Achong. They discovered the first human virus that can cause cancer, it came to bear the name Epstein-Barr. The virus is in the herpes family and among the most common viruses in humans
    In March 1964, The Lancet published a piece of research from three scientists called Anthony Epstein, Yvonne Barr and Burt Achong. They discovered the first human virus that can cause cancer, it came to bear the name Epstein-Barr. The virus is in the herpes family and among the most common viruses in humans
    105. Silica, crystalline (inhaled in the form of quartz or cristobalite from occupational sources)
    106. Solar radiation
    107. Talc containing asbestiform fibres
    108. Tamoxifen
    109. 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin
    110. Thiotepa (1,1',1'-phosphinothioylidynetrisaziridine)
    111. Thorium-232 and its decay products, administered intravenously as a colloidal dispersion of thorium-232 dioxide
    112. Treosulfan
    113. Ortho-toluidine
    114. Vinyl chloride
    115. Ultraviolet radiation
    116. X-radiation and gamma radiation